Marshall I. Goldman, Expert On Russian Economy, Dies At 87

Though economists took most note of this early writing, Mr. Holzman became more widely known in the late 1970's and 1980's for accusing American politicians, especially President Ronald Reagan, of drastically overstating Soviet military spending in an effort to sway budget decisions at home.

Mr. Holzman waged a continuing battle with the Central Intelligence Agency and the Defense Department over the figures, sometimes in the business and Op-Ed pages of The New York Times, and was partly vindicated by the collapse of Communism. Military spending in dollar terms had indeed been lower than Washington experts estimated, but the strain from such spending still managed to break the back of the Soviet economy.

Franklyn Dunn Holzman was born and raised in Brooklyn, and received a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of North Carolina in 1940. He entered the Army Air Corps and was stationed at a Soviet-American air base in Poltava, Ukraine, that would support the Allied bombing of Berlin. There, he began to nurture an interest in the Soviet Union's culture and economy.

After the war, Mr. Holzman began graduate studies at Harvard University under two Russian-born giants of economic theory, Alexander Gerschenkron and Wassily Leontief. He later married a fellow student, Mathilda Wiesman. She died in June 2000.

Mr. Holzman first taught at the University of Washington, Seattle, but spent most of his career at Tufts University in Medford, Mass.

An author and editor of several tracts on centrally planned economies and the theories of inflation and trade, Mr. Holzman retired in 1990.

In addition to David and Miriam, Mr. Holzman is survived by another son, Thomas, of Bethesda, Md., and four grandchildren.

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